List of field types or field formatter

I just started learning to use ACE and I wanted to display some Jira issue fields in a custom screen. I know that with the REST API you can get the field type but I wanted to know if there is a comprehensive list of default field types; either a document or an API to list them. If not, is there a something that can be used the field according to the type or you have to apply the formatting according to the type (e.g. dates)?